Similarly to the stability of the tripod, that of the tribrach is a significant factor in measurement accuracy. The torsional rigidity, the most important criterion of a tribrach, is constantly controlled and tested during its production. The maintenance-free foot screws of the Leica Geosystems tribrach provide movement that is always smooth and free of play, even after years of use. The precise alignment of the support area to the base plate of the instrument assures extremely accurate forced centring. The optical plummet is so robust that the need for adjustment during the entire lifetime of the tribrach is practically unnecessary. Its construction predestines the tribrach for all applications, including extreme temperatures and high dust and humidity.
The torsional rigidity of the original
The accuracy with which a tribrach returns to its starting position once the instrument has stopped, is called torsional rigidity or hysteresis. This hysteresis is the relative movement between the top plate and the base plate of a tribrach that occurs through the rotation of a TPS instrument. The hysteresis has direct influence on the angular accuracy of the instrument – and that speaks for the original. To optimise the hysteresis as Leica Geosystems has done is complex and calls for the highest precision: a movement of the upper plate to the lower plate of 0.3μm corresponds to an angle error of 1”. Especially motorised instruments with their high acceleration and brake power require tribrachs with very high torsional rigidity.
The most important criterion for a good tripod is its stability, quite explicitly, the torsional rigidity. With that, a very valuable, but not the only, argument for the original tripod from Leica Geosystems has been named. Other substantial benefits are the height stability under load and the minimal horizontal drift. Also not to be underestimated are advantages such as long life, optimal vibration dampening, water resistance, outstanding behaviour in solar radiation and their weight in relation to load-bearing capacity.